• Year: Unknown
  • Zoom viewer
  • Full file view (downloadable) (right-click to 'save as')
  • Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Maps may not be used commercially. Public use or display should attribute the source.

ZHITOMIR - XXIII-7 (transliterated)

  • Year: 1917
  • Zoom viewer
  • Full file view (downloadable) (right-click to 'save as')
  • Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Maps may not be used commercially. Public use or display should attribute the source.



Sources on Jewish communities in this section:


Житомир  Zhytomyr [Ukr], Zhitomir [Rus, Yid], Żytomierz [Pol], Schytomyr [Ger], Žytomyr, Žitomir, Shitomir, Jitomir  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Zhitomir (Żytomierz) was the main city of the district of the same name in the Kiev province in the

era of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Jews began to settle, apparently, in the early 18th century, In the second half of the 18th

century the Jewish population increased as follows: in 1765 - 346 Jews (460 in the Kagal district), in 1775 - 429 (550), in 1778 - 419 (603),

in 1784 - 540 (736) and in 1787 - 758 (917). In 1789 the Jews, numbering 882, constituted almost a third of the total population

(30 tavern-keepers, 42 tinkers, 26 merchants, 48 artisans, 40 servants, 15 beggars); they owned 253 houses (Christians 505). The

town magistrate complained to the auditors (census takers?) in 1787 that the Jews never enjoyed the right of residence in the town

and only under the protection of the headmen became a settled element in Zhitomir.; they started building a synagogue near the market,

paid a tribute of 1,000 zlot. for their houses, which is less than 10 zlot. per house, while Christians paid 24 zlot.; the Jews also had their

workshops, etc. The complaints were not successful. In 1791, there were 1,261 Jews. Hasidism flourished here in the late 18th century. 


Левков  Levkov [Rus], Levkiv [Ukr], Lefkev [Yid], Lewków [Pol], Levkovo  (name is misspelled Лерковъ on the map)

JewishGen Locality Page


Троянов  Troyaniv [Ukr], Troyanov [Rus, Yid], Trojanów [Pol], Troianiv, Treyonev, Trayanov  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia


Лещин  Lishchyn [Ukr], Leshchin [Rus], Lishtin [Yid], Leszczyn [Pol], Leshtshin  

JewishGen Locality Page


Кодня  Kodnya [Rus, Ukr], Kodnia [Yid, Pol], Kodnja  

JewishGen Locality Page


Пятки  Pyatka [Ukr], Piatka [Rus], Pyatke [Yid], Piątka [Pol], Pyatki, Pjatki, Pjatka  

JewishGen Locality Page


Бердичев  Berdychiv [Ukr], Berdichev [Rus], Barditchev [Yid], Berdyczów [Pol], Berdicev [Rom], Berditchev, Berditchov, Berditschew,

Berdytschiw, Berdyciv 

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Berdychiv is historically and ethnographically part of the Volyn province. In the act of 1546, it is listed

as the village Berichikovo. As a property of the Tyszkiewicz family B. belonged to Poland and from the middle of the 16th century to 1793 was

one of the most significant Polish Jewish communities often called "Jerusalem of Volynia". It is difficult to say when Jews first appeared here.

There is a record from 1593 that "in a newly inhabited place Berdychiv in which there are only 140 houses, a mill was rented by the owner to

a Jew for one hundred kopecks per year, and a dam for one penny per a loaded wagon". In 1627 a Carmelite monastery was founded here

and in the charter of the monastery the B. settlement was already called a small town. During the 17th century there was no record of the

Jewish population of B. At the beginning of the 18th century when in B. there was already a considerable Jewish population, the kahal was

established. The owner of B., Teresa Zavisha, gave a privilege to the Jewish tailor's shop formed in 1732 according to which the rabbi having

no right to interfere in the shop business should judge its members in their disputes but the shop remained dependent on the Kagal and the

Jews had a right to appeal against the decisions of the shop and the Kagal court to the court of the owner. 

B. became a commercial center in 1765 when King Stanislav August founded there ten great fairs every year. In addition, Christian pilgrims

came here to worship the miraculous icon, which also contributed to the development of the local trade. The peaceful rule of Augustus III and

Stanisław Poniatowski and low duties on foreign goods contributed to the influx of merchants to B. The Jews then constituted a majority of

the local population. According to official censuses, there were 1220 Jews in 1765 (together with the Jews of neighboring localities, which

were part of the Berdychiv Kahal - 1541), in 1775 - 788 (in the entire Kahal - 1,053), in 1778 - 741 (1,108), in 1784 - 319 (1,870), in 1787

- 1504 (2,007) and in 1789 - 976 men and 975 women. (in the whole Kagal, 2,460). By occupation, the male population fell into the following

groups: 115 tinkers, 210 landlords, 65 merchants, 95 artisans, 76 servants, and 26 without a definite occupation.

Show more

There is an extensive article at the Brockhaus-Efron JE linked above. 


Ивница  Ivnytsia [Ukr], Ivnitsa [Rus], Ivnitza [Yid], Iwnica [Pol], Ivnycja, Ivnitsya, Ivnytsya, Ivnitse  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Ivnytsia is a village in Zhytomyr County, Volyn province. In 1847, the Ivnytsia Jewish Community had

1,060 inhabitants; in 1897, it had 3,095 inhabitants, of whom 607 were Jews, including the elderly that were living in the community.


Андрушовка  Andrushivka [Ukr], Andrushevka [Rus], Andrishifke [Yid], Andruszówka [Pol], Andrushovka, Andruschowka

JewishGen Locality Page


Червоно  Chervone [Ukr], Chervonnoye [Rus], Czerwona [Pol], Chervonoye  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Chervonne is a village in the Volyn province, Zhitomir county. According to the census of 1847,

the Jewish community of Chervonne consisted of 363 souls. According to the census of 1897 there were 2,638 inhabitants, among

them 711 Jews.


Белополье  Belopol'ye [Rus], Bilopillya [Ukr], Białopol [Pol]  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Belopolye is a locality in Berdichev District of Kyiv Province. According to the census of 1847

the inhabitants of Bilopillya consisted of 1,237 souls; according to the census of 1897 the number of Bilopillya inhabitants was 2,619, of

whom 1,141 were Jews.


Райгородок  Rayhorodok [Ukr], Raygorodok [Rus], Raigorodok [Yid], Rajgródek [Pol]

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia


Бол. Нижгурцы  Veliky Nyzhirtsi [Ukr], Bol’shiye Nizgortsy [Rus], Nizgórce Wielki [Pol], Nizgurtzy Bol'shiye, Velikiye Nizhgurtsy,

Velyka Nyzhirci, Bolshiye Nezgortsi

JewishGen Locality Page