Mapping Jewish communities in the Kingdom of Hungary     

   The spreadsheet below offers two map views, large and small scale. Communities are organized by county or alphabetically. Because Hungary was the most ethnically diverse country in eastern Europe there are several names listed for each town. In the comumn titled Name variants, the modern name is ltypically listed first. At least four main language groups were found in the Kingdom of Hungary before WWI. Viewers will find many towns listed in the Austrian spelling style in the links to the 1865 map. The 1914 map typically gives names in Hungarian. In addition to the German and Hungarian conventions, Slovakian, Romanian, Ukranian, Czech, Serbian, Croatian and Polish will be found in the listing and in some cases a Yiddish name is also given. After WWI, Hungary was divided into smaller countires, in large part, according to these linguistic differences. Those divisions can be seen here with green lines marking new post-war borders.

    Communities are listed here based on the JewishGen communities database. Jewish communities in Hungary do not quite follow the pattern we see in the Polish-Russian region with its many shtetls, or marketplace towns. Much of Jewish life recorded in this data set was situated in villages with limited numbers of families. Viewers should note that on the JewishGen county pages linked below, communities are listed with largest population at the top and generally reducing in size downpage. On these district pages the far right-hand column shows numbers of people currently seeking additional family information about the various communities.

   Viewers should also note that by clicking the Toggle Layers button on the map one can then adjust the opacity slider to view the modern map below the historical layer. Click here for Fullscreen View of the 1914 map