John Stanley, The Politics of the Jewish Question in the Duchy of Warsaw 1807-1813,
Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Winter 1982), pp. 47-62, University of Indiana Press.
The history of abridgement of Jewish rights in this short lived state is enumerated here. The limitations not only hurt the Jews but
limited the economic development of the Duchy. Ironically, Hasidim favored restrictions certain they slowed Jewish assimilation.
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