Dubno - XXX-19

  • Year: 1929
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Дубно  Dubno [Rus, Pol], Dubna [Yid]

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Dubno - in the era of Polish rule, a fortified and commercial town in Volyn voivodeship, Lutsk district,

with an old Jewish community that played a prominent role in the history of Volyn Jewry. The first documentary mention of the Jews dates

back to 1532: a statement that the local Jews owned 300 oxen, from which the king ordered to collect the newly established tax. Among the

ancient tombstones one is noted from 1581. In the early 17th century the Dub. Jewish tenants of the villages are known. By this time there

was already a significant community in D., as can be seen from the answer of the famous Magaram (Meir of Lublin) to a ritual question by

the no less subsequently famous Isaiah Horowitz, author of Scheloh, who held the post of oak rabbi in 1600-1606 (or 1603). From Horowitz's

judgment alone we may conclude that D. was already then considered an old congregation. Horowitz's successors were prominent Talmudists,

such as his cousin Samuel b. Aaron Halevi Horowitz (1625-35), Meir b. Moses Ashkenazi, father of the famous Schach'a, and others. In the

communities of Volyn voivodeship public life began to emerge at that time. It was the epoch of activity of the outstanding Yom-Tob Lipman

Geller (see) in Vladimir-Volynsk, connected with strengthening the organization of the Volynsk vaad. Sometimes meetings of the Vaad took

place in D., in which representatives of D. always took a prominent part. - The flourishing of the community was brought to an end by the

terrible events of 1649. On the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the Hebrew chronicler tells us, the Jews had hardly finished their prayers

when the Cossacks attacked them and exterminated them.

Now (~1910) it is a district town of Volyn province. Annexed to Russia in 1795 and appointed a district town of Podolsk viceroyalty, D. was

named a district town of Volyn province in 1796. 

According to the census of 1897, the Jewish population of D. is divided by estates into: 170 merchants and 6,898 burghers. The professional

composition of the Jewish population here does not differ from the usual composition of small Jewish towns; most of the population is

engaged in trade, mediation and crafts, and the independent professional Jewish population is 2,602 (1,960 m. and 642 w.), which contain

4,494 family members (1,507 m. and 2,987 w.). The greatest number of the population, if both independents and family members are

counted, are employed in the manufacture of clothing - 854 Jews. (exerpted and edited with DeepL.com)


Верба  Verba [Rus, Ukr, Yid], Werba [Pol]  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia


Козин  Kozin [Ukr, Pol, Rus, Yid], Kozyn  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia