Polonoe - XXXI-23

  • Year: 1909
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Sources on Jewish communities in this section:


Полонное  Polonne [Ukr], Polonnoye [Rus], Polona [Yid], Połonne [Pol], Polna, Polonnoje, Polonna  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Polonnoe (Połonne in Polish, פולנאה in Jewish documents) is one of the oldest settlements in Volyn,

which during Polish rule was part of the Volyn Voivodeship, Lutsk County. There is no exact data about the time of Jews' settlement, but by

the time of Khmelnitski the Jewish community in P. was one of the most significant Volyn communities. About 12,000 Jews wanting to save

their lives and lives of their children from Cossacks took shelter in the fortress of the city and together with Poles had been defending

themselves against Cossacks for almost two days. When the latter succeeded in entering the city, the famous mystic and Kabbalist R. Samson

of Ostropol and 300 other Jews entered the synagogue, put on shrouds and "talesim" and prayed to meet their deaths. Others perished in

their own homes without any resistance. Thus nearly 10,000 souls died at the hands of the rebels. For a long time the Jewish population of

P. could not recover from the blow, and only in 1684 the Countess Lubomirskaya, the owner of P., received a charter which allowed the Jews

"to build decent houses and constructions in the part of the town called Wola"; for a certain reward in favor of the Christian townsfolk the Jews

were released from military service "except for general military duty when the enemy advances". Further, Jews were not forbidden to trade, nor

to engage in handicrafts on payment to the shop of the usual tribute, as determined by the court. Thanks to such rights P. at the end of the

17th and at the beginning of the 18th century it was a significant trading center. In the second half of the 18th century the rabbinical post was

held by the zealot of Hasidism, Jacob Joseph Cogen; also known is the Tzaddik Aryeh-Leib, a preacher from P. (המוכיח מפולנאה). On the eve

of P.'s transition to Russia there were over 350 Jews living there. [In P. there were in the second half of the eighteenth and early nineteenth c

enturies Jewish printing houses in which mainly Hasidic works were printed.]

Now - (1906-1913) - a town (mestechko) of Volyn province, Novogradvolynsky district. According to the revision of 1847, the Polonnye Jewish

community consisted of 2,647 souls. According to the 1897 census, P. had 16,288 inhabitants, including 7,910 Jews. There is (1910) Talmud



Панинка  Poninka [Rus, Ukr, Yid], Paninka  

JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  According to the 1897 Census there were 1,025 residents in Paninka and 206 were Jews.


Лабунь  Yurovshchyna [Ukr, Rus], Labun [Yid], Lubin [Yid], Łabuń [Pol], Novo-Labun', Novaya Labun', Nowaja Labun, Jurovscyna,


JewishGen Locality Page

Brockhaus-Efron Jewish Encyclopedia  Labun - town in Volyn province., Zaslavsky district, at the river Khomor. There were 419 dwellings,

inhabited by 2,930. 5 Orthodox churches, a Roman-Catholic church, a [Jewish] synagogue and prayer houses, a school, bazaars, 4 fairs a

year. From 1795 to 1797 it was a county town.