Galicia, Bukovina

 

   Galicia

Region in southeastern Poland and northwestern Ukraine. Galicia existed as a crown land of the Habsburg Empire from the time of the first partition of Poland

in 1772 until the end of World War I in 1918. (The name Galicia, or Galizien, was derived from Halicz, a city with nearby salt mines.) It included the districts of

Zamość, Sandomierz, and Chełm until these were annexed to the Grand Duchy of Warsaw in 1809. During the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815), Austria

gained back the regions of Tarnopol (Ukr., Ternopil’) to the east, which it had ceded to the Russian Empire in 1809, and Kraków to the west. Kraków itself

gained the status of a free city and remained so until after the Polish uprising of 1846, when it became an Austrian territory. 

Full article at the YIVO Encyclopedia

 

   After the 1772 Annexation to Austria

At the time of the region's annexation to Austria in 1772, its Jewish population numbered 224,980 (9.6% of the total). Jews were to be found in 187 cities, 93

small towns, and 5,467 villages and homesteads. By 1773 the number of Jews had declined to 171,851 (6.5%), and by 1776 to 144,200. In 1780 the Jewish

population stood at 151,302; in 1782 at 172,424, and in 1785 at 212,002. In 1776 the area in the region of Cracow was extracted from Austria, but it was

returned in 1795 and structured administratively as "western Galicia" (including the *Lublin district). Until 1809 the Zamosc district was also in Galicia, under

Austria, and between 1786 and 1818 *Bukovina was included administratively in Galicia. In 815–46 Cracow and its environs constituted an autonomous

republic, while the Ternopol district came under Russian rule, during 1809–15.

Full article at the Jewish Virtual Library

 

See also at:

  http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6473-galicia-austria

 

Lubomeriae et Galliciae Regni Tabula Geographica  (1775)  F.L. Gussefeld

 

 

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Source: http://www.rcin.org.pl/igipz/dlibra/docmetadata?id=20339

Carte nouvelle des Royaumes de Galizie et Lodomerie avec Bukowine   (1780)  T.C. Lotter

 

 

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Source: http://www.bibliotekacyfrowa.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=41380

General Charte des Atlasses von Galizien und Lodomerien (1790) F.I. Marie

 

The Zamosc region, at the uppermost center of the map is included in this early configuration of Galicia. 

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=14604

West Galizien  (1800) G. Metzburg

 

Zoom viewer at: http://polona.pl/item/7014904/0/

Allgemeine Charte des Koenigreiche Beider Galizien (1804) J. Liechtenstern

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=432

Ost und West Galizien nach den neusten beobachtungnen (1805) F. Reisser

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=481

Carte von West Galizien (1808) A.M. von Heldensfeld

 

Courtesy of the David Rumsey Collection

 

http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~253928~5519300

Koenigreich-Galizien (1832) C.F. Weiland

 

Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=431

 

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Regno di Galizia e Lodomiria  (1833) A. Campana

 

Contains a table of political divisions.

 

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Zoom viewer at: http://polona.pl/item/7957790/0/

Karte des Konigreiches Galizien (1846) F. Raffelsperger 

 

The Carpathian mountain range is shaded in with green hachures.

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=370

Karte von Galizien (1893) R.A. Schulz

 

This map contains a table of population statistics from the 1890 census.

Railways are clearly marked.

 

An 1878 version from http://polona.pl/item/34422603/0/ contains an inset of Lemberg

and clearly marked districts.

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=386

Mapa komunika cyjna Galicyi i Bukowiny (1898) S. Kornman

 

Full file view-alternate version (download) Jagiellonian University Library

 

Courtesy of the LIbrary of Congress

Mapa Galicyi  (1900)

 

 

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Source: http://www.bibliotekacyfrowa.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=41376

Galizien und Nordost-Ungarn (1900-1920) C. Flemming

 

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Courtesy of the Library of Congress

G. Freytags Karte der Bukowina  (1915)

 

 

 

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Source: http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=13373